The citizens’ assembly is at the heart of our democratic experiment. In a secured space, people selected by lot discuss how our democracy should continue. People who would otherwise never enter into conversation together sit alongside each other to discuss fundamental questions. Those who would otherwise remain silent are given the opportunity to have their say.
Why a citizens’ assembly?
The participating citizens should discuss differing opinions on the possible additions to parliamentary democracy and its possible further developments. The main issue is the question with which the Commission of Experts at the Bundestag also deals: should parliamentary democracy be supplemented by direct democracy and citizen participation? What does direct democracy have to look like in order for the people to identify themselves with it? A citizens’ report should be produced at the end in which the citizens’ assembly compiles its policy recommendations.
What is so special about it?
In a citizens’ assembly, it is not only the “usual suspects” that discuss with each other. In order for this process to succeed, there is an important prerequisite: the discussions take place in small groups to which neither the experts nor the media or politicians have access. Thus, an honest and open discussion in the secured space can take place without worry of “embarrassing” or “unwelcome” statements.
Each citizen should have the chance to be selected as a participant. For this reason, participants are selected by lot from population registers. There is a detailed concept for the selection of the participants and for the organization of the individual events. The important key points are:
All regions of Germany and the various municipal sizes are represented.
All people with German citizenship aged 16 or over are eligible to participate.
Participants receive an expense allowance.
If necessary, childcare and relative care is organized, and accessibility is guaranteed.
The time requirement is acceptable (4 days of the citizens’ assembly in Leipzig + 1 “Day of Democracy” in Berlin)
How the citizens’ assembly works:
The participants of the citizens’ assembly meet twice for two days. They come together as a plenary of about 160 people, receive all the necessary information, and then debate in small groups of about eight people. The results are brought back together in plenary and compared with one another. This guarantees a personal and confidential framework of communication and that the connection to the main topic remains intact. A team of moderators on site ensures that everyone has their say and that the results are properly collected. Once all the suggestions and essential aspects from the small groups have been compiled, the focus and priorities are reset.
In order to have a meaningful discussion, the people must know about the various democracy instruments and participation possibilities and about their pros and cons. On site, they will receive all the necessary information through meetings with experts so that all participants are brought to the same level of knowledge. Diverse experts are selected from practical experience, the political and scientific fields, the media, and associations.
A project advisory board ensures that the selection of experts does justice to this goal and that the entire process is transparent and managed in an open manner, including the results. In addition to individuals from the academic world, various civil society organizations are also represented on this advisory board. Media representatives are also invited to accompany the citizens’ assembly and can be present at all events in the plenary sessions.
More Information: Citizens' Assembly on Democratic Reform in Germany (PDF)